The Giuoco Piano, or Italian Game, is one of the oldest openings in chess, dated back to the early 16th Century. It begins with the moves 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4 Nf6, and the Giuoco Pianissimo begins when White plays 4.d3.
The Giuoco Pianissimo was given its name by the legendary chess player Adolf Anderssen, meaning “Very Quiet Game.”
White aims for a slow buildup, not playing d4 immediately, but deciding to wait until he can prepare it. The battle for the center is avoided early on, but White keeps the tension in the position by exchanging pieces and playing a positional game instead.
Nowadays, the very top grandmasters show a preference for the more strategic approach of the Giuoco Pianissimo. Kasparov and Karpov have both used it in crucial games. Kramnik, Anand and Magnus Carlsen have also used this opening at the top level with success.
In this video, exclusive for iChess Club members, GM S.P. Sethuraman looks at this chess opening in detail.
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